In April 2017, the Government of Canada introduced the proposed Cannabis Act and has made a public commitment to legalize cannabis by summer 2018. This date has now shifted to be later in the summer of 2018. The proposed Act would set the national framework for cannabis legalization while giving provinces and territories the authority to establish measures to control sale and distribution, minimum age for purchase and consumption, drug-impaired driving, workplace safety, public smoking of cannabis and more.

On June 1, the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories enacted the Cannabis Legalization and Regulation Implementation Act, which legalizes the sale and use of cannabis in the Northwest Territories once federal legislation is passed.