Concluding and Implementing Land Claim and Self-Government Agreements

Dehcho First Nations

Negotiation Type 

Land, Resources, and Self-Government Agreement

Negotiation Parties

  • Dehcho First Nations (DFN)
  • Government of Canada
  • Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT)

Map of the Interim Measures Agreement Area










The Dehcho Process began in 1999, with negotiations on both a Framework Agreement and an Interim Measures Agreement (IMA). Negotiations were based on Dr. Peter Russell’s work in 1998, and his report describing 21 Common Ground Principles. In 2001, the parties signed the IMA and the Framework Agreement, which set out the subjects for negotiations to conclude an Agreement-in-Principle and a Final Agreement that will clarify and build upon the existing treaties.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Who are Dehcho First Nations?
The Dehcho First Nations represent Dene and Métis people who are indigenous to the Dehcho region. Its members are the Deh Gah Gotie Dene Council (Fort Providence), Fort Providence Métis Nation, Liidli Kue First Nation (Fort Simpson), Fort Simpson Métis Nation, West Point First Nation (Hay River), Jean Marie River First Nation, Ka’a'gee Tu First Nation (Kakisa), Sambaa K’e Dene Band, and Pehdzeh Ki First Nation (Wrigley).

2. Who are the parties involved in the negotiations?
The parties involved in the negotiations are the Dehcho First Nations, the Government of Canada, and the Government of the Northwest Territories.

3. Why are the parties negotiating?
The objective of Dehcho process negotiations is to clarify rights and to provide clarity and certainty with respect to Dehcho First Nation’s land, resources and self-government rights in the Northwest Territories.

4. What are the negotiations about?
The Dehcho First Nations, Canada and the GNWT are engaged in negotiations with respect to land, resources and self-government.

5. What stage are the negotiations at? What is the next step in the negotiation process?
The next step for Dehcho Process negotiations is to complete an AIP.